table wine

For posterity, below is a table of all references to alcoholic beverages in the Bible, categorized into positives and negatives. For the record, there are 29 negative references, 75 positive, and 67 neutral.

Reference Pro, Con, Neutral Comments
Genesis 9:21,24 neutral Noah got drunk off too much wine
Genesis 14:18 pro Melchizedek, priest of God Most High, blesses Abram with bread and wine
Genesis 19:32-35 con Lot’s daughters get him drunk so he will impregnate them and their line may continue
Genesis 27:25 neutral Isaac had wine brought to him, and he drank
Genesis 27:28 pro Isaac blesses Jacob, citing “an abundance of grain and new wine” in the blessing
Genesis 27:37 pro Isaac tells Esau he has already blessed Jacob, including “new wine”
Genesis 49:11-12 neutral In Jacob’s blessings on Judah lineage, foreshadowings of Shiloh’s (Christ) life and work
Exodus 29:40 pro 1/4 hin used in the drink offering
Leviticus 10:9 neutral The Aaronic priesthood forbidden from drinking wine during service to God
Leviticus 23:14 pro 1/4 hin used for a drink offering
Numbers 6:3 neutral Any taking the vow of the Nazirite is forbidden from drinking wine, strong drink, vinegar, grape juice, and grapes
Numbers 6:20 neutral After the Nazirite vow is complete, the person may drink wine again
Numbers 18:12 pro The priest’s portion includes the “best of the fresh wine”
Numbers 18:27,30 neutral The priests are to make an offering from the tithe to the Lord, including from the wine vat; the rest is theirs
Numbers 28:14 pro As part of the sacrifice schedule, drink offerings are to be made
Deuteronomy 7:13 pro As a blessing for following the Lord, He will multiply .. your new wine
Deuteronomy 11:14 pro The Lord will reward obedience with new wine
Deuteronomy 12:17 neutral Do not consume the tithe within your gates
Deuteronomy 14:23,26 pro Celebrate to the Lord in feasting with the congregation by consuming the tithe at the appropriate time; if you cannot come to the feast, sell the tithe for the Lord, and buy that wherewith to celebrate
Deuteronomy 15:14 pro During the sabbath year, share liberally from your stores with the slaves you set free
Deuteronomy 16:13 pro Celebrate the Feast of Booths after gathering-in from your threshing floor and wine vat
Deuteronomy 18:4 neutral The portion of the Levites is to include new wine
Deuteronomy 28:39,50 pro If you disobey, you will not be able to gather your grapes and make wine – it will be destroyed in the fields by worms and marauders
Deuteronomy 29:6 neutral During the 40 years in the wilderness, the Israelites had neither wine nor strong drink provided for them
Deuteronomy 32:14,33,38 neutral In the Song of Moses, he recounts the wanderings of the people and the care of the Lord in providing for them; wine used in poetic form
Deuteronomy 33:28 pro During Moses’ blessings on Israel, they shall dwell securely in a “land of grain and new wine”
Judges 9:13 pro In a parable, the vine refuses to become king of the plants because he does not want to “leave my new wine, which cheers God and men”
Judges 13:4,7,14 neutral Samson was set aside as a Nazirite from birth
Judges 19:19 neutral A Levite explains he has stores to supply himself and his party
1 Samuel 1:14-15 con Eli accuses Hannah of being drunk in the temple
1 Samuel 1:24 pro Wine brought as part of the dedication of Samuel to the Lord
1 Samuel 10:3 neutral One of the men who will meet Saul will be carrying a jug of wine
1 Samuel 16:20 pro Jesse sends wine to Saul by way of his son David
1 Samuel 25:18 pro Abigail supplies wine to David and his troupe
1 Samuel 25:37 con Nabal got himself drunk, and when he arose in the morning, he had a heart attack upon Abigail’s report of David
2 Samuel 13:28 pro Amnon’s heart is “merry with wine”, and Absalom conspires to kill him to avenge their sister Tamar
2 Samuel 16:1-2 pro Ziba, Mephibosheth’s servant, supplies wine for David and his family
2 Kings 18:32 pro Listed as a benefit to surrendering to the king of Assyria
1 Chronicles 9:29 pro Custodians for wine are set aside for the sanctuary
2 Chronicles 12:40 pro One of the supplies listed for David’s army, “brought .. wine… There was joy indeed in Israel.”
1 Chronicles 27:27 pro Sabdi given charge of the “produce of the vineyards stored in the wine cellars”
2 Chronicles 2:10,15 pro Wine is listed as part of the wages/trade for cedar from Tyre for the temple
2 Chronicles 11:11 neutral Rehoboam stocks the fortresses with food, oil, and wine
2 Chronicles 31:5 pro Israel is blessed with new wine after following Hezekiah’s reforms
2 Chronicles 32:28 pro To celebrate God’s answer to his request, Hezekiah builds storehouses for “grain, wine, and oil”
Ezra 6:9 pro In celebration of God’s deliverance from captivity, wine is to be provided for sacrificing
Ezra 7:22 pro More details on the wine to be provided for the Israelites’ sacrifices
Nehemiah 2:1 neutral Nehemiah is the wine cupbearer to Artaxerxes
Nehemiah 5:11,15,18 pro Wine to be furnished to the builders working on Jerusalem
Nehemiah 10:37,39 pro Wine to be provided for their tithes, according to the law of God
Nehemiah 13:12 pro Needed for tithing to God
Esther 1:7 neutral During the festivities of Ahasuerus, wine is provided according to the king’s bounty as each desires, without compulsion
Esther 1:10 neutral Ahasuerus wants to show-off his queen’s beauty to his guests at the end of the festival
Esther 5:6 neutral Esther makes petition of Ahasuerus at a banquet while they are drinking wine
Esther 7:(1),2,7-8 neutral It is during one of the wine courses that Esther shows Haman to be wicked, and Ahasuerus calls for his execution
Job 1:13,18 neutral Job’s sons and daughters were eating and drinking at the eldest’s house when Sabeans attacked them
Job 24:11 pro Those who do not love the Lord “tread wine presses but thirst”
Job 32:19 neutral Elihu describes his anger against the older friends of Job and Job himself as being “like unvented wine”
Psalm 4:7 pro The Lord puts gladness in the heart more than “when their grain and new wine abound”
Psalm 60:3 con In complaining to God about His forsaking him and his men, David says, “You have given us wine to drink that makes us stagger”
Psalm 75:8 neutral The wicked will drink-down the well-mixed wine of the Lord’s anger
Psalm 78:65 con The Lord’s remembrance of Israel likened to a warrior awaking from being “overcome by wine”
Psalm 104:15 pro The Lord provides “wine which makes man’s heart glad”
Proverbs 3:10 pro By getting wisdom, “your vats will overflow with new wine”
Proverbs 9:2,5 pro Wisdom invites you to her by spreading food and wine
Proverbs 20:1 con A warning about wine and strong drink, “whoever is intoxicated by it is not wise”
Proverbs 21:17 con A warning that “he who loves wine and oil will not become rich”
Proverbs 23:20 con A warning to avoid those who are heavy drinkers and gluttonous
Proverbs 23:30-31 con A warning to avoid “those who linger long over wine”
Proverbs 31:4 con Rulers and kings must be careful with wine and strong drink or they “will drink and forget what is decreed, and pervert the rights of all the afflicted”
Proverbs 31:6 pro “Give strong drink to him who is perishing, and wine to him whose life is bitter”
Ecclesiastes 2:3 neutral Drinking wine for its own sake is futility
Ecclesiastes 9:7 pro “Drink your wine with a cheerful heart”; enjoy the fruits of your labors
Ecclesiastes 10:19 pro “Wine makes life merry”
Song of Solomon 1:2,4 pro The bride loves her groom more than wine
Song of Solomon 4:10 pro The groom loves his bride more than wine
Song of Solomon 5:1 neutral The groom has made preparations for his bride
Song of Solomon 7:2,9 pro The groom praises his bride by extolling her above wine
Song of Solomon 8:2 pro The bride wishes to give her groom spiced wine to show her love
Isaiah 5:11,22 con Woes pronounced on those who “pursue strong drink” and whose “wine may inflame them” and who are “heroes in drinking”
Isaiah 16:10 pro In Moab’s destruction, no “treader treads out wine in the presses”
Isaiah 22:13 neutral There is a time for drinking, and a time to not drink – to celebrate and to mourn
Isaiah 24:7,9,11 pro In God’s judgement on the earth, there will be no drinking of wine
Isaiah 25:6 pro Under God’s favor, the Lord will provide a banquet including “refined, aged wine”
Isaiah 27:2 pro In the Lord’s deliverance, the “vineyard of wine” will sing
Isaiah 28:1,7 con Warnings against those who are “overcome”, “reel”, and “stagger” from wine and strong drink
Isaiah 29:9 neutral Jerusalem will be drunk and stagger, but not from wine or strong drink, but from a “spirit of deep sleep” from the Lord
Isaiah 36:17 pro See 2 Kings 18:32
Isaiah 49:26 neutral In the Lord’s deliverance, the oppressors will become “drunk with their own blood as with sweet wine”
Isaiah 51:21 neutral The afflicted are drunk, but not with wine
Isaiah 55:1 pro Mercy is provided freely from God – take it and buy what you want from Him
Isaiah 56:12 con The disobedient to God say, “let us get wine, and let us drink heavily of strong drink”
Isaiah 62:8 pro God will deliver Zion, and they will enjoy their new wine in the courts of His sanctuary
Isaiah 63:2-3 neutral God has trodden the winepress of his vengeance against the wicked
Isaiah 65:8,11 con The disobedient are preparing mixed wine in sacrifice to false gods
Jeremiah 13:12 con Israel’s complacency in backsliding will be their downfall
Jeremiah 23:9 con False prophets trouble Jeremiah so much, he feels like one “overcome with wine”
Jeremiah 25:15 con God’s wrath is likened to a cup of wine which will make Babylon stagger
Jeremiah 31:12 pro Israel will be given cause for celebration when God delivers them
Jeremiah 35:2,5,68,14 neutral The Rechabites won’t drink wine because their fathers commanded them not to, but Judah won’t obey the word of the Lord
Jeremiah 40:10,12 pro Judah commanded to bring-in their wine even with the Chaldeans about to come upon them
Jeremiah 48:33 pro God’s judgement has come on Moab and has “made the wine to cease from the wine presses”
Jeremiah 51:7 neutral Babylon likened to wine that has intoxicated the nations
Lamentations 2:12 pro Children ask their mothers where the grain and wine has gone because of God’s anger at Israel
Ezekiel 27:18 neutral Damascus was a customer of Tyre’s because of the wine of Helbon
Ezekiel 44:21 neutral See Leviticus 10:9
Daniel 1:5 neutral Wine is part of the rations from the king’s table for the choice young men of Israel
Daniel 1:8,16 neutral Daniel and his friends refuse the king’s delicacies to stay as separate from Babylonian culture as possible during their training
Daniel 5:1-2,4,23 neutral Belshazzar defiles the vessels of the Lord in feasting and praising false gods
Daniel 10:2 neutral Daniel provides a complete list of what he abstained from during his mourning fast
Hosea 2:8-9 pro Israel does not realize it is God who gives new wine and oil; He will remove it
Hosea 2:22 pro When Israel repents, God will return their wine to them
Hosea 4:11 con God laments Israel, “Harlotry, wine and new wine take away the understanding”
Hosea 7:5,14 con Ephraim has forsaken God in favor of pleasure
Hosea 9:2,4 pro God’s judgement on Ephraim includes removal of their wine
Hosea 14:7 pro Israel’s future blessing will include the restoration their fame like the “wine of Lebanon”
Joel 1:5 con Drunkards are called to account
Joel 1:10 pro God’s judgement removes the new wine
Joel 2:19,24 pro God’s deliverance will restore the new wine
Joel 3:3 con The nations trade a girl for wine and will be judged
Joel 3:13 neutral God will tread the winepress of the nations to judge their wickedness
Joel 3:18 pro Zion’s restoration will have the mountains dripping with “sweet wine”
Amos 2:8,12 neutral God pronounces judgement on those who have defiled the law: drinking the wrong wine, and forcing the Nazirite to drink wine
Amos 5:11 pro Unless you seek God, you cannot enjoy the fruits of the vineyard
Amos 6:6 neutral Woe to those who “drink wine from sacrificial bowls” in Zion
Amos 9:13-14 pro Israel’s restoration will have the mountains “drip sweet wine”
Micah 2:11 pro It is the oppressor who “Had told lies and said, ‘I will speak out to you concerning wine and liquor'”
Micah 6:15 neutral Sowing and reaping will not yield favor with God
Habakkuk 2:5 con Warning to the haughty, “wine betrays the haughty man”
Zephaniah 1:13 pro Judgement on Israel will come and the wine will not be drunk
Haggai 1:11 pro God has withheld the wine until the temple is rebuilt; His priorities must be ours for blessings to come
Haggai 2:12,16 pro God will bless Israel now that their priorities have been righted
Zechariah 9:15 pro God will cause Israel to “drink and be boisterous as with wine” against Greece
Zechariah 9:17 pro When God saves Israel, new wine will return
Zechariah 10:7 pro In the restoration, Ephraim will be “glad as if from wine”
Matthew 9:17 neutral Wine storage used in a metaphor for why Jesus’ disciples do not fast
Matthew 11:19 neutral Jesus is accused of being a wine-drinker
Matthew 21:33 neutral The winepress is used as a parable device
(Matthew 26:27,29) (neutral) (Institution of the Lord’s Supper breaking from Passover)
Matthew 27:34,48 neutral Jesus fulfills His promise to not drink of the fruit of the vine until He will “drink it new with you in My Father’s kingdom” (Matthew 26:29)
Mark 2:22 neutral See Matthew 9:17
Mark 12:1 neutral See Matthew 21:33
Mark 15:23,36 neutral See Matthew 27:34,48
Luke 1:15 con John the Baptist is forbidden from ever drinking wine or liquor
Luke 5:37-38 neutral See Matthew 9:17
Luke 3:39 pro Old wine is preferred to new
Luke 7:33-34 neutral Critics of John the Baptist said he was demonic for not drinking wine; they accused Jesus of being a drunkard for drinking wine
Luke 10:34 pro The good Samaritan poured wine and oil on the beaten man’s wounds
(Luke 22:17,20) (neutral) (See Matthew 26:27,29)
Luke 23:36 neutral See Matthew 27:48
John 2:3,9-10 pro Jesus turns water into the best wine at the wedding in Cana
John 4:46 neutral Back reference to the miracle in John 2:3,9-10
John 19:29-30 neutral See Matthew 27:48
Acts 2:13 con Mockers accused the apostles of being “full of sweet wine” on Pentecost
Romans 14:21-23 neutral Paul suggests abstaining from anything that makes a brother stumble, but also demonstrates that faith is a man’s own, and cannot condemn in others what he does himself
(1 Corinthians 9:4) (neutral) (The apostles have the same right to eat and drink as anyone else)
(1 Corinthians 10:31) (neutral) (Do everything for God’s glory)
(1 Corinthians 11:21) (neutral) (Paul condemns eating and drinking to excess during the Communion Table service)
Ephesians 5:18 con Warning to not be drunk with wine
1 Timothy 3:3,8 neutral Pastors and deacons cannot be addicted to much wine
1 Timothy 5:23 pro Timothy encouraged to take a little wine for his stomach
Titus 1:7 neutral See 1 Timothy 3:3
Revelation 6:6 neutral The third seal brings an order to not destroy the wine
Revelation 6:6 neutral The third seal brings an order to not destroy the wine
Revelation 14:8 con The nations have drunk of Babylon’s wine of immorality
Revelation 14:10,19-20 neutral God’s wrath is prepared like wine in a winepress
Revelation 16:19 neutral Babylon drinks the cup of the wine of the fierce wrath of God
Revelation 17:2 con The nations are drunk with the wine of immorality
Revelation 18:3 con The nations have drunk the wine of the immorality of Babylon
Revelation 18:13 con The merchants of earth lament the fall of Babylon and not being to buy from her
Revelation 19:15 neutral Christ is treading the winepress of His wrath against the nations

“On the whole, biblical literature displays an ambivalence toward intoxicating drinks, considering them both a blessing from God that brings joy and merriment and potentially dangerous beverages that can be sinfully abused.”*